What is Gynecological Care?
Gynecological care is the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up care provided to women of reproductive age. It covers all aspects of female reproductive health including menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause. A doctor trained in the diagnosis and treatment of female reproductive disorders is called a gynecologist.
What are the Services Offered under Gynecological Care?
The services provided in different healthcare units may differ slightly. However, com-mon gynecological services include:
- Physical examination: Includes breast exam, abdominal exam, and annual pelvic exam.
- Screening tests to identify reproductive tract and hormonal disorders
- Diagnostic tests that may include ultrasounds, blood tests, PAP tests, biopsies, mammograms
- Infertility tests and treatments
- Bone density tests to evaluate bone health and identify risk of fracture/osteoporosis
When you visit a gynecologist, he/she will ask you questions about:
- Your age, weight, height, and body mass index (BMI)
- Whether you are single or married
- Medical conditions, if any, and age of onset
- Any current signs and symptoms
- Current medications, if any
- Medical history
- Your family’s medical history
- Diet habits
- Smoking and drinking habits
- How active you are in terms of physical activities and exercise
Your vital signs- temperature, blood pressure, pulse, and respiration will be assessed.
Why Should you Receive Gynecological Care?
Gynecological care helps to ensure that your reproductive health is not compromised and any issues pertaining to uterine, breast, and ovarian cancers are detected on time.
In addition, gynecological exams also check for abnormal uterine adhesions called fi-broids, and if you are having any problems with menstruation, suitable treatment options can be explored.
Gynecological care exams are an excellent opportunity to discuss your personal reproductive health issues with a trusted health care professional who can guide you on the best course of action. They can help you overcome any embarrassment or doubt to put your mind at ease and prevent unnecessary anxiety.