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What is a Vaginal Biopsy?

A vaginal biopsy is a diagnostic test to assess a lump or sore that has appeared recently. It may also be performed to diagnose the cause for any vaginal swelling, redness, itching, or changes in skin color.

Vaginal Biopsy Procedure

Vaginal biopsy is performed under anesthesia. During the procedure, the vagina is first cleaned and an instrument called a speculum is inserted into the vagina to keep the canal open during the procedure. Your doctor then removes one or more samples of tissue which are sent to the laboratory for microscopic examination. Dissolvable stitches are used as needed.

Recovery after a Vaginal Biopsy Procedure

You may have some discomfort or feel pressure after the procedure. Contact your doctor if you experience any symptoms such as:

  • Fever that is 100.4°F or greater
  • Heavy bleeding
  • Redness, warm skin or swelling in the biopsy area
  • Foul-smelling discharge from the vagina

For better healing and recovery you should keep the area clean and dry as much as possible. You may take a bath immediately after the procedure but gently pat the area dry with a clean towel. Alternatively, you may apply a thin coat of Vaseline to the area if urination causes stinging.

Risks from a Vaginal Biopsy

As with any invasive procedure, a vaginal biopsy may be associated with certain risks including heavy bleeding or infection.


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